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Large and quantized non-linear responses in topological metals

Adolfo Grushin
Institut Néel CNRS, Grenoble, France


In this talk I will discuss two of our recent results concerning nonlinear responses of topological metals. The first is the prediction of a quantized circular photogalvanic effect, the part of the photocurrent which changes sign when the light's polarization flips. We find it is quantized in units of a large universal constant e3/h2 times the Weyl monopole charge in mirror free Weyl semimetals (e.g. SrSi2), three-dimensional Rashba materials (e.g. doped Te) and multifold fermion materials with negligable spin orbit coupling. The second is the measurement and modeling of the second harmonic generation in TaAs, the frequency doubling of an incident pulse upon reflection or transmission. We find it experimentally to be extremely large and anisotropic compared to materials in the same symmetry class such as GaAs. We show that these features are well captured phenomenologically in terms of a model of coupled ferroelectric chains, which suggests that TaAs is close to saturating a photocurrent bound that we derive.


'Quantized circular photogalvanic effect in Weyl semimetals'
Fernando de Juan, Adolfo G. Grushin, Takahiro Morimoto, Joel E. Moore Nature Communications 8, 15995 (2017)

'Resonant-enhanced optical nonlinearity the Weyl semimetal TaAs'
S. Patankar, D. Parker, Liang Wu, Adolfo Grushin, T. Morimoto, N. L. Nair, J. G. Analytis, J. E. Moore, and J. Orenstein, (in preparation)

'Universal and non-universal plateaus of photogalvanic effect in multifold fermions' Fernando de Juan,  Takahiro Morimoto, Barry Bradlyn, M. Vergniory,   Joel E. Moore, Adolfo G. Grushin,  (in preparation)