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Max von Laue

Max von Laue

  • Nobelpreis für Physik 1914

Academic Curriculum Vitae

1898-1903 Studies of mathematics and physics at the universities of Strasbourg, Göttingen, Munich and Berlin

1903 Doctorate with Max Planck in Berlin on the "Theory of Interferences on Plane-Parallel Plates".

1906 Habilitation

1909 Privatdozent at the Institute for Theoretical Physics of the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich

1912-1914 Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Zurich

1914-1919 Professor of Theoretical Physics in Frankfurt

1919-1943 Professor in Berlin

1943 Professor Emeritus


In 1912 von Laue discovered ogether with Walter Friedrich and Paul Knipping the diffraction of X-rays on crystals. This proved that X-rays propagate like a wave. In addition, the diffraction patterns could be used for the first time to draw conclusions about the crystal structure. The method became very important for structural investigations in physics, chemistry and molecular biology. In addition, von Laue made research contributions to the theory of relativity, optics, thermodynamics and superconductivity.


1914: Nobel Prize for his discovery of X-ray diffraction through crystals

1932: Max Planck Medal

1953: Grand Cross of Merit with Star of the Federal Republic of Germany

1954: A newly discovered mineral is named LaueitLaueit in his honour


UZH Nobel Prize Laureates

Max von Laue – Nobel Prize Biography

Nobel Lecture Address – Max von Laue Concerning the Detection of X-ray Interferences, 12 November 1915

Nobel Presentation Address – An account of Laue's work is by Professor G. Granqvist, Chairman of the Nobel Committee for Physics

Weiterführende Informationen

Nobel Prize in Physics 1914

“for his discovery of the diffraction of x-rays by crystals”

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1914

Max von Laue

* 9. October 1879 in Koblenz

† 24. April 1960 in West-Berlin