This year's Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Rainer Weiss, Barry Barish and Kip Thorne for their pioneering contribution to the LIGO detector, which directly detected gravitational waves for the first time in 2015. Predicted by Einstein's General Relativity, gravitational waves are produced through accelerated masses like e.g. two black holes orbiting around each other. Their amplitude is however so tiny that it requires advanced detection and analysis techniques to overcome the ambiant noise and observe a proper signal. Thanks to the commitment and pioneering work of the Nobel laureates that started in the mid 1970s, the first successful detection of a signal produced by the collision of two black holes occurred back in September 2015. Since then, several additional events could be observed. UZH researcher Maria Haney (Postdoc in the group of Prof. Philippe Jetzer) is a member of the LIGO Collaboration and co-author of the paper describing the first observation of gravitational waves.
The group of Philippe Jetzer is highly involved in this active field and is part of the LIGO collaboration, as well as the LISA Pathfinder and LISA Science team. Its members are specialized in theoretical aspects and data analysis of the LIGO detector and the future ESA mission LISA, a gravitational wave detector in space.
See also the article in UZH News.
First gravitational wave signal produced by the merger of two black holes and detected by LIGO on the 14th September 2015 (Picture Credit: LIGO)
On October 16, 2017, the LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration, and its partners announced the first observation of gravitational-waves from a pair of inspiraling neutron stars.