PHY420 Electron Spectroscopy

General Information


Prof. Dr. Jürg Osterwalder

Prof. Dr. Thomas Greber

Dr. Zbynek Novotny

Assistant: Dr. Trey Diulus
Lecture: Fridays 13:00-14:45
    starting on 25. February 2022
Exercises: Fridays 15:00-15:45
Location: Y36 J33 or over Zoom - to be announced

This course provides an introduction to modern tools for the study of condensed matter properties that are based on electron spectroscopy. Due to the strong interaction of electrons with matter, penetration depths are short, which renders these methods inherently surface sensitive. We will discuss several variants of electron spectroscopy and show in detail how structural, chemical, electronic and magnetic properties can be extracted from such data, and how such methods can be used in time-resolved experiments to study the dynamics of primary excitations, phase transitions and chemical reactions.

The course will be balanced between theory and application. Some basic theoretical background about light-matter interaction as well as electronic structure will be provided. The focus is clearly on applications in solid state physics such as chemical analysis of solid surfaces, the determination of surface structure, electronic bandstructure and low-energy excitations, and the measurement of electron dynamics on ultra-short time scales.

The course consists of two hours of lecture per week and one hour of exercises or short talks. Previous knowledge of solid state physics (PHY210 - Festkörperphysik) and basic quantum mechanics (PHY131 - Physik III) is required.

ECTS: 6 credit points.


Lectures (Fridays 13:00-14:45, Y36 J33 or over Zoom - to be announced)

 Date   Lecturer   Topic 
25.02.2022 Greber, all Introduction and instrumentation
04.03.2022 Greber Basics of surface science
11.03.2022 Osterwalder Theoretical concepts of photoemission
18.03.2022 Osterwalder Angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) - band mapping
25.03.2022 Osterwalder Angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) - manybody effects
01.04.2022 Osterwalder Spin- and time-resolved photoemission
08.04.2022 Novotny X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES)
15.04.2022 no lecture Good Friday / Karfreitag
22.04.2022 no lecture Easter vacation
29.04.2022 Novotny Ambient-pressure XPS and hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES)
06.05.2022 Osterwalder X-ray photoelectron diffraction (XPD)
13.05.2022 Novotny Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM)
20.05.2022 Novotny Scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM)

Monday, 23.05.2022

at 10:00 in Y36-J81

all Questions and answers (date and time to be determined)
03.06.2022 all Final exam (oral) - times to be determined

Problem sets and short talks (Fridays 15:00-15:45, Y36 J33 or over Zoom - to be announced)


Problem set

Short talks,

discussion of

problem sets (Diulus)

 Topic of short talk Speaker (short talks)

Presentation of list of

papers for short talks

04.03.2022 Serie 1 online: Vacuum technology, surface science  

Distribution of topics

for short talks

11.03.2022 Hand in Serie 1      
18.03.2022 Serie 2 online: ARPES-1 Serie 1    
25.03.2022 Hand in Serie 2      
01.04.2022 Serie 3 online: ARPES-2 Serie 2 Paper #7 Cinja Müller
08.04.2022 Hand in Serie 3  



15.04.2022 no class   Good Friday  
22.04.2022 no class   Easter vacation  
29.04.2022 Serie 4 online: XPS-1 Serie 3

Paper #3


Anna Hartl


06.05.2022 Hand in Serie 4  

Paper #1

Paper #12

Berk Zengin

Siqi Wang

13.05.2022 Serie 5 online: XPS-2 and STM Serie 4

Paper #5

Paper #8

Bernhard Fenner

Ugur Gültekin

20.05.2022 Hand in Serie 5   Paper #4 Mischa Stifter

Monday, 30.05.2022

at 10:00

in Y36-J81

  Serie 5    
03.06.2022     Final exam