Publication in Nature: new Results from GERDA

Gran Sasso Laboratory

The GERDA collaboration published new results on the hunt  for neutrinoless double beta decay, April 6, 2017

(GERDA collaboration, Background-free search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76Ge with GERDA)

 

One unsolved cosmological question is matter dominance over antimatter in the Universe, unexplained by the Standard Model (SM). A possible explanation is that neutrinos are their own antiparticles, which could be validated by the observation of neutrinoless double beta decay (0nbb).

 

GERDA (GERmanium Detector Array) searches for this decay using germanium detectors operated directly in liquid argon. Uniquely, GERDA suppresses the background sufficiently to operate in the so-called zero-background regime, giving an excellent sensitivity to the half-life of 0nbb decay. The best fit to the data is no signal events, i.e. no signal for 0nbb decay is observed, with a limit on the half-life at 90% confidence level of T½ > 5.3 x 1025 yr, as published in Nature at the start of April (Vol. 544, No. 7648).

Gerda detector
Figure: The germanium detectors can distinguish between localised 0nbb decay signals and external background gamma rays, which deposit energy in multiple locations. Additionally, these events can be identified by the observation of induced scintillation light in the liquid argon, and coincident events detected in the germanium detectors can be excluded from analyses.
 

At our institute the group of Laura Baudis is participating  in the experiment.

Katharina Müller

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